Thursday, September 9, 2010

Where To Buy

The only company that you can find the 100% natural elouda sharpening stone is the Perakis Sharpening Stones Factory in Greece Crete.

Here You Can Find Some Informations About The Perakis Sharpening Stones Wholesales exports:

Crete Map Of 1868
Crete Map Of 1868
Perakis Sharpening Stones is a small familial enterprise that began her activity with seat Heraklion of Crete in 1898.The  Founder Evangelos George Perakis had been born in the region of excavation of the whetstone (Eloynta Lasithi) that constitutes today apartment of Municipality of Saint Nikolaos. His Studies was in the Fanari and speaking foreigner languages sought a better chance in the big city…. Heraklion Crete.
The house Evangelos Perakis was a classic commercial enterprise of imports - exports that imported basic foodstuffs of season (Rice, Flour, Spaghettis, citrus fruits, etc. while exported the 2 basic products of region of Eloudas: the Charoypi and the Whetstone (Sharpening stone). Succeeded him his son that created in the means of previous century the factorial infrastructure of treatment of the whetstone up to his final form.
Today, the grandson of the founder, by the company I.Perakis and Sia O.E that created, continues the big in favour age-long familial delivery of excavation, treatment and distribution of whetstones in Greek market and mainly in the abroad.

 You can find out more at their website:

Sharpening Stones

The whetstone is a kind of fine emery, composed of layers of sillicic sedimentary substances created by micro-organisms. The sharpeners, used for the grind of different metallic tools, are extracted from regular layers of whetstones usually white, which exist between other rocks of different structure.

The whetstone is a typical product of Elounda which started to be extracted from the ancient times and continues to be extracted in our days. This abrasive stone, produced on the high grounds and the slopes of Michaela, Damianos, Vihala, Karfi, Leskes and Baloma mountains, is unique  and though abrasive stones are extracted also in other parts of the planet (as in California-USA) no other has the form of Elounda’s whetstone. The visitor can see on the slopes and on the high grounds of these mountains the rubbles, the pits and the quarries that have been opened.
Historical reports to the whetstones of Elounda begun from Homer (Iliad, raps. B, verse 649: cited as “Halkodaman akonan”) and they continued to exist up to the later Ottoman domination in the sightseers’ transcripts. In these documents the whetstones are presented, depending on the time period, as "Naxia stone" (Naxos was a city on the top of Oxa mountain), or as "Turkish Stone" or even as "stone of the East".
Excavation was made from March to November. The winter, because of the mud and the rain, people were working on the collection of olives.
Initially the whetstone lode was detected between the other rocks, called “bad rocks” by the grinders. In order to detach the useless rocks from the whetstone they used wick and gunpowder or dynamite that they rammed in the stone by opening holes. The useless rocks were removed with the explosion. Afterwards they cleaned the whetstone perimetrically, then they burned a fire in the middle of the whetstone and the remainders of the useless rocks were detached by the dilation. The tools used for the excavation were the chisels, the lewisson, the sledgehammer, the hammer, the gouge, the pick and the spade.
The whetstones are presented in three colours – snowy- white, white (or light grey) and black - and in proportion with their hardness they are qualified as soft or hard whetstones.
After the extraction the trader would choose the vendible whetstones that were stacked not far from the quarries and would determine their price relative to their quality. The transport to the trader stockroom, at the square of the village, was made with donkeys (roughly a rig of 100 kilos) and rarely with horses (rig of 120-150 kilos). From there the whetstones were exported to France, Italy, Switzerland, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt or even to the internal market. Initially they were sold without being treated and later after treatment, made in a workshop in Heraklion.
On the production of the whetstones, as on all the local products, a Community tax was imposed. This tax constituted one of the main sources of income of the Community.
The high price of the treated whetstone impelled some traders of Elounda to create their own treatment unit. Through these manufactures, working with power driven machinery, the whetstones were scrapped and carved in specific sizes determined by their use. For a better result in its treatment, the surface of the whetstone should have always been wet. But since the water evaporated quickly, it was necessary to grease the surface with oil which remained. These whetstones were called oilstones.
For the transport of the non treated whetstones they were using tar barrels after whitewashing them. In order to protect the whetstones from the friction and the shattering they placed bushes between the stones. In our days the transport is done using wooden boxes of 25 kilos and for the protection of the stones they use excelsior.
At this moment Elounda produces 150 tons of whetstones whereof approximately 50 tons are exported to various countries. The market price of the treated whetstones is approximately one Euro per kilo. However the fact that the young people are interested in other professions mainly tourist, the metier of grinder inclines to disappear.
During the last years the Development Company of Elounda (K.EP.AN.EL) labours for the creation of a Salt and Whetstone Museum though many administrative constraints have been presented for its construction.